Faith Based Trucking Company Being Fined Nearly 3/4 Million Dollars By Feds For What Are Being Characterized As “Unfair Hiring Practices”

Because Faith-Based Covenant Transport And Their Subsidiary Transport Management Services Insist On Requiring Verifiable Immigration Status Documentation For Hiring, The Company Is Being Fined $700,000 By The U.S. Government.

Image Credit: Covenant Logistics / Facebook

The Tennessee Conservative [By Kelly M. Jackson] –

As recently reported by local news, a faith-based trucking company in Chattanooga called Covenant Transport and their affiliate, Transport Management Services LLC were found by federal investigators to have violated the part of the Immigration and Nationality Act that relates to verifying I-9 documentation. 

Based on information found on this federal website, the federal government compels companies to accept documentation that “reasonably appear to be genuine and to relate to the person presenting them.” It continues, “To do otherwise could be an unfair immigration-related employment practice that violates the anti-discrimination provision in the INA. You must not treat individuals who look and/or sound foreign differently in the recruiting, hiring, or verification process.” 


The INA, or the Immigration and Nationality Act, an LBJ era law, was enacted and at that time removed the “de-facto” (practices that exist in fact regardless of whether or not it is officially acknowledged) discrimination against Southern and Eastern Europeans as well as Asians. President Johnson signed it into law in October of 1965. 

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 created a seven-category “preference system” that gives priority to relatives and children of U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents, professionals and other individuals with specialized skills, and refugees. 

Under the INA, in November 1986, an addition was made that compelled all employers to complete and retain Form I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification, for every person they hire for employment, so long as the person works for pay. 

In the case of Covenant and its subsidiary Transport Management, they were, according to investigators of the federal government, on a “routine basis” requiring non-U.S. citizens to produce their Permanent Resident Cards (Green card) or documents related to their immigration status. 

Both forms of identification would objectively seem to be more verifiable than another document that is subjectively scrutinized by the employer since the federal government would have a record of the application and approval of a Permanent Resident Card, or any other document that relates to a person’s immigration status. 

Because the companies insisted on utilizing verifiable documentation, and not whatever document the individual who presents it chooses,  the company is being fined by the US Government $700,000.  


A review of Covenant’s website allows the observer to make note of the information the company provides regarding its faith- based roots. 

Under “Covenant’s Beginnings” it states, “In 1986, David and his wife Jacqueline had a vision to start their own trucking company. David made an agreement (a covenant) with God: they would run the business “the right way,” if God would provide. David and Jacqueline Parker invested their hard-earned seed money to start Covenant Transport, with 25 trucks and 50 trailers.” 

Additionally, under their section labeled “Corporate Culture” it says, “They built Covenant’s corporate culture around these three values: treat others as you want to be treated (empathy), put others before yourself (servanthood), and do business with integrity, honesty, and fairness in all situations (virtue)…. These values are driven by a common goal: to keep America’s shelves stocked and her markets moving.” 

The reports from local news don’t elaborate on exactly what Covenant and its subsidiary specifically did to violate the vague language in the law, referring to documentation that “reasonably appears” to have a relationship to the person trying to use it as proof they qualify for employment. 

It appears that the government decided to qualify Covenant’s decision to favor verifiable documentation, over documentation that is subjectively chosen, and then subjectively verified, as “unfair discrimination” under the law. Which would then give them license to penalize the company for what is at best a nuanced distinction in the language of the law. 

It is also not beyond the scope of believability that perhaps Covenant’s profession of faith and their effort to act in accordance with that faith that caused them to become a target for what has become in recent years, a notoriously overzealous justice department when it considers matters involving conservatives. 

If there are any further developments, we will make that information available to our readers.

About the Author: Kelly Jackson is a recent escapee from corporate America, and a California refugee to Tennessee. Christ follower, Wife and Mom of three amazing teenagers. She has a BA in Comm from Point Loma Nazarene University, and has a background in law enforcement and human resources. Since the summer of 2020, she has spent any and all free time in the trenches with local grassroots orgs, including Mom’s for Liberty Williamson County and Tennessee Stands as a core member.  Outspoken advocate for parents rights, medical freedom, and individual liberty. Kelly can be reached at

16 thoughts on “Faith Based Trucking Company Being Fined Nearly 3/4 Million Dollars By Feds For What Are Being Characterized As “Unfair Hiring Practices”

  • November 21, 2023 at 8:13 pm

    Whose the bigger bigot and racist, the trucking company or the feds. I vote feds.

  • November 21, 2023 at 9:02 pm

    Gonna get to the point companies are just gonna fold from being forced by lucifer’s minions to hire people who are liabilities instead of assets.
    MAGA so companies can again hire the best and cull the misfits.

  • November 22, 2023 at 12:02 am

    They follow the law by not hiring Illegals and now get fined for not hiring illegals!!!! I believe our Fed. Gov. is the most corrupt one in the world now??

    • December 3, 2023 at 12:53 am

      Since you are a Christian, I’m sure you have searched scripture to see what our Lord’s opinion would be a the subject of illegal immigration right? Let me help.

      Matthew 6 14-15 “For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. “But if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

      Leviticus 19 33-34 ‘And if an alien dwells with you in your land, you shall not mistreat him. The alien who dwells among you shall be to you as one born among you, and you shall love him as yourself; for you were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God. (The Jews sojourned in Egypt for 400 years)

      Malachi 3:5
      And I will come near you for judgment;
      I will be a swift witness
      Against sorcerers,
      Against adulterers,
      Against perjurers,
      Against those who exploit wage earners and widows and orphans,
      And against those who turn away an alien—
      Because they do not fear Me,”
      Says the LORD of hosts.

      Deteronomy 28: 43-45 “The alien who is among you shall rise higher and higher above you, and you shall come down lower and lower. “He shall lend to you, but you shall not lend to him; he shall be the head, and you shall be the tail. “Moreover all these curses shall come upon you and pursue and overtake you, until you are destroyed, BECAUSE YOU DID NOT OBEY THE VOICE OF THE LORD  your GOD, to keep His commandments and His statutes which He commanded.

      Do you recall what the friends of Daniel did when Nebuchunezzar passed a law that anyone who would not bow down and worship his statue would be thrown into the fiery furnace? They broke man’s law because they feared God more.

      People point to Romans 13 as justification for their rage and hate against these people. But scripture can not invalidate scripture. Both must be true. Yes, obey the law as long as it doesn’t cause you to break God’s Commandments. Jesus said that the second greatest commandment is to love your neighbor as yourself. Like it or not, these people are our neighbors.

      I’ve researched and prayed about this a lot, like a Berean. Christians should speak out and condemn the hateful rhetoric against so called illegal immigrants. What Christians should do is demand our federal government address their federal governments as to why they are spreading authoritarian communism, a satanic value instead of freedom, a Christian value. Mexico is first in my mind when I say this.

      • December 4, 2023 at 7:41 pm

        Deuteronomy 28: 43-45 is a PUNISHMENT for disobeying God. If you obey God, then you don’t get this curse. Context matters. We’re being invaded by illegal aliens bcz we’ve taken God out of America.

        • December 29, 2023 at 12:17 am

          What about the other verses Carole? Why do you ignore them?

  • November 22, 2023 at 12:41 am

    Where does E-Verify fit in here? Not so much an eligibility issue as it is a religious persecution issue.

    • November 22, 2023 at 10:36 pm

      Exactly, religious persecution for Covenant.

  • November 22, 2023 at 2:43 pm

    The INA is a “civil law” or “Munipal law” and it applies to the territory where Congress holds sovereignty, not over the 50 States. These are two separate jurisdictions for Congress. The INA uses the 3rd definition of “United States” (see Blacks law dictionary 5th or 6th Edition). The term “United States” holds three different meanings yet the public thinks it ONLY means the 50 States (aka USA). WRONG. “U.S.” = USA only in the Constitution. The term “U.S.” generally and almost always means Fed. Gov. (or instrumentality/office of it) in law. It is usually a thing, not a place. U.S. holds this meaning in many sections of the Constitution as well. The unknown meaning of U.S. in federal civil law is the territory where Congress holds sovereignty (D.C. and U.S. territories). These are the U.S. Gov’s “states”. Most of us don’t live there and are not subject to their civil/municipal laws. D.C. is foreign to the States of the Union and each State is civilly foreign to each other, but D.C. is not a member of the Union. It is a unique territory with its own blend of civil laws and constitutional applications. Compound this with Congress calling it a “state” and the “United States” and the jurisdiction becomes very confusing. Because the 14th Amendment does not include D.C. or the U.S. Territories, Congress had to create their own “U.S. Citizen” via statute (see Title 8) pursuant to their exclusive legislative authority over these territories but Congress cannot circumvent the Constitution so their “U.S. citizen” is only a statutory privilege not a right and not the equivalent of the Constitution’s citizen of the U.S.. 99% of their civil/municipal laws define D.C. and the U.S. territories as “States” and the “United States”. When they do, this is a dead give-away that the statute only applies within their exclusive jurisdiction. Congress is not permitted to change the meanings of the words of the Constitution in order to create a greater jurisdiction. The INA’s Form I-9 is one such law that is for their exclusive jurisdiction as it defines “United States” in the third definition and only gives the appearance it has jurisdiction. If it were challenged in court, it would fail. But, if not challenged,… the court would be required to presume it does hold jurisdiction. See “Presumption of Regularity Doctrine”. They obviously don’t teach this in law school anymore than they teach civics in school. Federal funding made sure of this.

    • November 22, 2023 at 6:10 pm

      And our GOP supermajority voted to give professional and commercial licenses to illegal aliens with work authorizations in 2022. That was known as the Workforce Expansion Act sponsored by Shane Reeves and Bill Freeman. Of course our worthless governor signed the bill into law. It’s even worse now with the Biden admin passing out Work Authorizations at the border.

  • November 24, 2023 at 6:17 am

    This company should stand their ground and simply place an administrative freeze on new hires. Then counter sue based on existing law against hiring “illegal” aliens. By the time the case is settled Donald Trump should be back in office and injustice like this will be stopped.
    There’s no reason to hire people who will be deported within a years time.

  • November 24, 2023 at 7:43 pm

    What a terrible article. It is factually incorrect and needlessly inflammatory. It says that the government is “allowing for subjective tests” when that isn’t the case at all – there is a very specific list of documents that allow one to obtain employment.

    I’m an employment law attorney. The law is really super clear about what documents are acceptable and not acceptable for getting employment. It’s A (ID and birth/right to work proof) or B (ID Proof)+C (right to work proof)

    A documents:
    US Passport
    Green card
    Employment authorization card
    Foreign passport with I-94 stamp

    B documents:
    Driver’s License
    State photo ID
    School ID card w/photo
    Voter registration card
    US Military Card
    Military dependent ID
    Coast Guard MMD card
    Native American tribal document
    Canadian license

    C documents:
    Social Security Card
    Consular certification of birth abroad
    US State Department certification of birth abroad
    Original/certified birth certificate
    US Citizen/resident citizen ID card
    DHS Employment Authorization Documents

    Hiring is one thing you DON’T mess around in as a business. You follow federal law. If you have the documents required by federal law, the test is satisfied. Don’t believe the crap in that article.

  • November 27, 2023 at 6:01 pm

    Guess what? Interstate commerce doesn’t mean any transaction that has or may cross state lines at any point…it actually means commerce between the state governmental bodies themselves. The feds do not have unlimited authority to regulate anything and everything simply because it *could* cross a state line or *has* or *will* cross. They’ve just given themselves this power out of nowhere. We are way past the point of needing to reign in this unlimited power. Maybe the trucking company could threaten to challenge it and also the definition of state in title 18

  • December 2, 2023 at 3:52 am

    Under Federal Law, US Employers can be heavily fined & penalized for hiring non-citizens who are not authorized to reside & work here, especially if the Employer has reason to suspect that is the case.

    But, in order for the Employer to even begin satisfying their requirements here, the FED rules currently attempt to protect the non-citizens from “discrimination”, by telling Employers they can only ask for EITHER:

    – 1 from Type A [ideal] documentation (eg, an actual Employment Authorization Card from the Govt, or a Green Card, etc. – which proves the FED Govt has vetted & officially accepted someone as a temporary or permanent US Resident)


    – 2 documents total the [less ideal] categories:
    1 doc from Type B (eg, drivers license, school ID w photo, etc. = based on the presumption that the photo ID is valid & further confirms that one is a US resident since it used to be the case that one could only obtain such a document by 1st proving their authorized US residency)
    1 doc from Type C (eg, Social Security, State Dept Cert of Foreign Birth, other FED-issued document = confirms the US FED has registered the person and is aware of their national identity).

    HOWEVER, these days, in the Grave New World created by the Left, one can get a drivers license, and certainly a school ID, in many cities, without having to show anything more than some type of local Walmart bill or receipt. And of course, photo-shop, AI, the internet, etc. have all made local photo IDs child’s-play to fake. Indeed, there is a huge market out there for quickly & easily providing illegals with simple local photo “IDs” in the US, and for precisely this purpose.

    THEREFORE, how can an Employer reasonably trust Type B documents like “school IDs” for this critical purpose, in todays environment? Our new reality means that Employers, of course, cant.

    – Yet, Employers can nonetheless still end up getting heavily fined (or worse) for hiring illegals who present such easy-to-fake local documentation, even though the Employers “followed the rules” that require TYPE C & TYPE B documents.


    – Employers can now end up getting massively fined anyway, if the FED decides to pick on them for being aware of suspicious Type B local “IDs” that no longer require much proof of anything to obtain.

    Seems like the Employers here have a strong case for the Courts. But when faced with the full force of a weaponized DOJ bearing down on you, it’s understandable why these Employers have to settle instead; for their own sake & the sake of their many lawful employees.

  • December 4, 2023 at 1:12 am

    Doesn’t sound intelligent, who are the specific people that fined them and where were they ?

  • December 29, 2023 at 12:18 am

    Sounds like the business is Based on Faith in Money and Prejudice, not the Bible.


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